Palliative or end-of-life care provides ease from pain and addresses the physical, mental and emotional suffering of patients with advanced disease. The Palliative Care Nursing Programs provide research estimating that nearly 80 percent of patients with advanced disease in low and middle income countries do not receive this care. Only 20 countries including Canada, Australia, Belgium, Uganda, France, Austria, Hong Kong, Switzerland, Germany, Iceland, Italy, Japan, Norway, Poland, Romania, Singapore, United States of America, Ireland, Sweden and the United Kingdom, have palliative care integrated into their health care industries. Hence, the type of care and training available for Canada health care industry can be different by providing palliative care nursing programs.
The Atlas, published by the Worldwide Palliative Care Alliance (WPCA) and the World Health Organization (WHO), finds that only 1 in 10 patients who need palliative care receive it. The Atlas shows that the dire need for palliative care certification for nurses is associated with the care of older generation suffering from terminal diseases such as heart diseases, dementia, cancer stroke, and lung diseases.
The Atlas urges all countries to consider palliative care nursing programs in their health care culture. To do so, countries must surmount barriers such as:
- The lack of policies that address palliative care nursing programs at the end of life and during progressive diseases.
- The lack of resources to implement the necessary palliative care certification for nurses including the availability of decent talent and other necessary resources.
- The lack of information that health care professionals and the healthcare industry are given about palliative care nursing programs.
- INSCOL has designed palliative care nursing programs that are aligned with the National Norms and Principles of Practice that have been developed by the Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association. The Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association (CHPCA) is the national voice for hospice palliative nursing care in Canada. Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association (CHPCA) is estimated that more than 269,000 Canadians died in 2016. In 2016, there were approximately 1.5 million people aged 80 or over. It is projected to increase to 3.3 million by 2036. In line with the current situation, the Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association is hopeful that the skilled nurses placed as caregivers will increase in numbers, leading to better care for all Canadians at the end of life, and for those caring for them.
The Palliative Care Nursing Programs in Canada is designed to hone the knowledge and skills of all nursing care providers who are working with or caring for those individuals living with terminal diseases.
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