Nurse Migration from a Source Country Perspective: Philippines
September 20, 2021
The Philippines is largely dependent on labour migration for easing the tight domestic labour market. It is a national opinion that when students are sent to pursue nursing courses in Canada, they experience an improved quality of life and their families also benefit because of the remittances. Canada is one of the preferred destinations for international students to pursue nursing courses. If we look at the demography, then the Philippines is one of the fastest-growing source countries to send international nursing students to Canada. Nurses from the Philippines actively migrate to study nursing in Canada, which further leads to a progression in their career. The increase in the requirement of nursing professionals in Canada has led to a massive increase in the number of Filipino nurses in the country. However, other than this there are many other reasons as well. Let’s look at the nursing migration trends and benefits from the perspective of the Philippines.
Filipino Nurse Migration: An OverviewThe Philippines is identified as one of the leading exporters of nurses to Canada. Nurses from the Philippines make up one of the largest groups of students who pursue nursing courses in Canada. An overall increase in the immigration of health professionals leads Canada to become a preferred destination for Filipino nurses. In order to gain a good insight into the immigration and the transition experience of nurses in Canada, we must understand the roots of this trend. Filipinos are one of the most caring societies that are known for their empathetic, caring, and social attributes. It is because of their highly nurturing spirit and caring temperament that Filipinos are given a high status as Canadian nurses. The Filipino nurse migration was originally intended to serve as a temporary measure for easing unemployment. Some of the benefits included stabilizing the country’s balance of payments position and providing alternative employment for Filipinos. This trend that traces back to the 1950s saw an upsurge by the 1990s when the problem of widespread global nursing shortage started becoming a cause of concern. This was the time when destination countries such as Canada and the United States made recruitment offers permanent and attractive while creating strong pull factors.
Nurses Supply and Employment:Nurses make up one of the largest groups of direct health care providers in the Philippines. Although physicians have been dominating the health care system traditionally, the past few years have led the nurses to emerge as a strong force often co-managing the health care facilities. The domestic and foreign demands for nurses have generated a quickly growing nursing education sector making up numerous nursing colleges that offer Bachelor’s degrees. These colleges lead to thousands of nurses graduating annually. Based on the production and foreign demand patterns, the Philippines has a surplus of nurses, which leads to many nurses migrating to Canada in search of a better life. Canada is known for its excellent healthcare system in the world. In addition to offering the best remuneration to foreign nurses, the nurses get immense respect while working in Canada. The Filipino nurses studying nursing in Canada can be assured of bright employment and salary prospects along with ample financial security. Plus, nursing in Canada includes high pay rates based on experience, advanced nursing practice, administrative roles, etc. that fall in the upper category of the salary bracket. Salary prospects are actually on the higher side for nurses and as long as financial security is concerned, the internationally educated nurses enjoy substantial safety. Hence, Filipino nurses prefer moving to Canada for a bright career.
Push and Pull Factors Driving Nurse Migration:There are a wide range of reasons that lead to the migration of Filipino nurses to Canada. Some of the push and pull factors driving the migration of nurses are: Push Factors:
- Economic Factors: Filipino nurses are offered comparatively low salaries in their home country. In addition, there is no payment for overtime and poor health insurance coverage.
- Job Factors: There is immense workload and stressful working environments along with slow promotions.
- Socio-Political and Economic Factors: There are limited employment opportunities, decreased health budgets, economic instability, and socio-political uncertainty in the Philippines.
- Economic Factors: The nurses who migrate get a higher income, more benefits, and a better compensation package.
- Job Factors: In Canada, there is a lower nurse-to-patient ratio, more options in terms of working hours, and chances to upgrade nursing skills.
- Socio-Political and Economic Factors: The healthcare system in Canada relies on the usage of advanced technology, better socio-political and economic stability than that in the Philippines.
- Personal and Familial Factors: The nurses and their families might be willing to migrate while maximizing the opportunity to travel and learn more about other cultures.